Module 1
Introduction to global supply chains

a) References

Davies, R. (2000). The Impact of Globalization on Local Communities: A Case Study of the Cut-Flower Industry in Zimbabwe. ILO Action Programme on Globalization, Area-Based Enterprise Development and Employment, Geneva. Available at:

Evers, B., Amoding, F., and Krishnan, A. (2014). Social and economic upgrading in floriculture global value chains: flowers and cuttings GVCs in Uganda. Capturing the Gains Working Paper 2014/42. Available at:

Ferm, Nora (2008) Non-traditional agricultural export industries: Conditions for women workers in Colombia and Peru in: Oxfam Gender & Development, Volume 16 Issue 1, March 2008

FIAS. (2008). Competitiveness and Corporate Social Responsibility in the Jordanian Apparel Industry - A component of IFC-Advisory Services Licensing and Inspection Program. Available at:

IFAD & ILO. (2010). Gender dimensions of agricultural and rural employment: Differentiated pathways out of poverty. IFAD, Rome.

ILO. (2015). World Employment and Social Outlook – The changing nature of jobs. Available at:

ILO. (2016) Decent work in global supply chains. Available at

Leipold, B., and Morgante, F. (2012) The Impact of the Flower Industry on Kenya’s Sustainable Development.  IPPR 2012/2013. Available at:

OECD et al. (2014). Global Value Chains: Challenges, Opportunities and Implication for Policy. OECD, WTO and World Bank Group Report prepared for submission to the G20 Trade Ministers Meeting Sydney, 19 July 2014. Available at:

Oxfam International. (2004). Trading Away Our Rights: Women working in global supply chains.

SOLIDAR. (2012). Social Protection for all – An action guide. Authors: Helga Jansen-Daugbjerg, Andrea Maksimovic, Jo Morris. Available from:

Staritz, C., and Guilherme Reis, J. (eds.) (2013) Global Value Chains, Economic Upgrading, and Gender: Case Studies of the Horticulture, Tourism, and Call Center Industries. World Bank International Trade Department Gender Development Unit. Available at:

Women Working Worldwide (website) Flower Campaign.

Women Working Worldwide (2011) Horticulture: Labour Conditions in the Ethiopian Horticulture Industry, Tewodros Worku Nigatu, Women Working Worldwide. Available at:


b) Additional resources and reading

Barientos, S. (2001). Gender, Flexibility and Global Value Chains. IDS Bulletin 32(3): 83-93.

Barientos, S., Dolan, C., and Tallontire, A. (2003). A Gendered Value Chain Approach to Codes of Conduct in African Horticulture. World Development 31 (9): 1511-1526.

ILO. (2009) Guide on Value Chain Development for Decent Work. Available at:

IUF. (2007). Improving working conditions in the cut flower industry. A Trade Union Training Manual. Available at: