Module 4
Whose responsibility?

a) References

Action Aid International. (2013). Women and the City II: combating violence against women and girls in urban spaces – the role of public services.

Chappell, D. and Di Martino, V. (2006) Violence at work. International Labour Office. Geneva, ILO.

Dejardin A K (2008) Gender Dimensions of Globalisation. Discussion Paper for meeting on “Globalisation – Decent Work and Gender”, September 4, 2008.

DFID. (2015a). Addressing Violence against Women and Girls through DFID’s Economic Development and Women’s Economic Empowerment Programmes. DFID Guidance Note Part A. London: DFID.

DFID. (2015b). Addressing Violence against Women and Girls through DFID’s Economic Development and Women’s Economic Empowerment Programmes. DFID Guidance Note Part B. London: DFID.

Fair Wear Foundation (2015) Setting up Anti-harassment committees and violence prevention systems: The experience of Fair Wear Foundation. Available at:

Fair Wear Foundation. (FWF) (2013). Standing Firm Against Factory Floor Harassment.

Gender and Corporate Responsibility in Global Production Network. (2011). Wrap-up of workshop results. Berlin, 29 March, 2011. Available at: http://www.humanrights

IL0. (2015). World employment and social outlook 2015: The changing nature of jobs. International Labour Office, Geneva.

ILO (2003) Report of the Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations, Report III (1A).Available at:

ITUC. (2011). The UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights and the human rights of workers to form or join trade unions and to bargain collectively. Available at:

ITUC. (2014). World Day for Decent Work. Available at:

ITUC. (2015). The World's Worst Countries for Workers: The 2015 ITUC Global Rights Index. Brussels: ITUC. Available at:

LeBaron, G. and Lister, J (2016) Ethical Audits and the Supply Chains of Global Corporations. SPERI Global Political Economy Brief No. 1, University of Sheffield. Available at:

OECD (2008). The impact of foreign direct investment on wages and working conditions. Background paper to the OECD-ILO Conference in Corporate Social Responsibility, 23-24 June 2008, Paris.

Staritz, C., and Guilherme Reis, J. (eds.) (2013) Global Value Chains, Economic Upgrading, and Gender: Case Studies of the Horticulture, Tourism, and Call Center Industries. World Bank International Trade Department Gender Development Unit. Available at:

United Nations (web site): Protect Respect and Remedy. Framework and Guiding Principles. Available at:

United Nations. (2008). Report of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on the issue of human rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises, John Ruggie. Human Rights Council. Available at:

WIEGO (2013) Contract Labour in Global Garment Supply Chains. Key Characteristics and Recent Trends. Available at:

Women Working Worldwide. (2014). Tackling sexual harassment in the horticulture industry in Kenya. Summary of research findings. Available at:


b) Additional resources and further reading

Resources for employers and suppliers in global supply chains

The ILO Helpdesk for Business provides expert assistance services to companies on implementing the principles of the MNE Declaration and the international labour standards, including issues related to non-discrimination and equality. See:

ILO E-learning programme of the MNE Declaration:

HR Policy Association. Web page dedicated to Corporate Social Responsibility and Human Rights:

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (2011) United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. Available at:

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (2011) The Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights: An Interpretive Guide. Available at:

OHCHR. Frequently asked questions about the guiding principles on business and human rights, 2014. Available at:

UN Global Compact: and

Institute for Human Rights and Business:

The Global Business Initiative on Human Rights:

Training manual to fight trafficking in children for labour, sexual and other forms of exploitation (ILO and UNICEF under the UN Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking, 2009. Available at:

Further information on advocacy organizations working specifically on labour rights in global supply chains

Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations:

SOMO Fact Sheets on the textiles and garment industry (child labour, subcontracting, unsafe factory buildings, socially responsible public procurement and migrant labour):

Good Electronics is an international network on human rights and sustainability in electronics. It brings together networks, organizations and individuals that are concerned about human rights, including labour rights, and sustainability issues in the global electronics supply chain. It includes trade unions, grass roots organizations, campaigning and research organizations, academia, and activists. For further information see:

China Labour Bulletin: An organization supporting the development of workers’ rights, trade unions and collective bargaining in China. For further information: